What is CBD?
CBD (Cannabidiol) is known as one of more than 113 types of natural cannabinoids in cannabis and this plant contains up to 40% CBD. After THC, it is the most prominent component of the cannabis plant and is easily found in industrial Marijuana and Hemp. CBD was found in 1940. This compound is often used in health care thanks to a number of useful uses. The CBD industry is rapidly developing and gradually moving towards mainstream acceptance (1) (2).
Cannabidiol is mentioned for its therapeutic properties and has become increasingly popular in treating diseases in recent years. CBD oil has a range of benefits used to reduce symptoms associated with inflammation, anxiety, depression, pain and epilepsy. CBD can be used in various forms of vape, candy, tincture, capsules and lotion.
Since the 19th century, CBD was created by the efforts of Roger Adams – a chemist who graduated from Harvard University .
It was in 1940, when he researched to isolate the components of cannabis.
In 1946, Dr. Walter S. Loewe demonstrated that CBD did not cause changes in mental state through animal experiments. In the same year, Dr. Raphael Mechoulam determined the three-dimensional structure of CBD and he was credited as the scientist who discovered CBD.
From the isolation of wild hemp, the chemical formula of CBD was discovered . In 1963, its structure was also defined in detail.
In the following years, the first CBD oil was used for therapeutic purposes from studies by British pharmacists.
In 1980, cannabidiol was discovered to be a major factor in the treatment of epilepsy. This is also considered a breakthrough in CBD history with its special effects.
Types of CBD
CBD products are currently manufactured in three main types and these are Spectrum, Broad Spectrum and Isolates.
- Isolate: contains only CBD, especially no other cannabinoids
- Full-spectrum: includes all other natural cannabinoids found in cannabis with THC.
- Broad-spectrum: includes many natural cannabinoids found in Cannabis. However, it does not contain THC.
How is CBD Made?
Ion chromatography is the most common method of refining CBD. This process eliminates sequential plant identification, odorant terpenes, especially the addictive compound THC, helps isolate Cannabidiol. Therefore, it can be said that refined CBD is not an artificial product.
Health benefits of CBD
- Alleviates Anxiety and Depression: Depression and anxiety are two serious mental disorders that greatly affect someone’s quality of life. CBD is found to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression according to several medical studies.
- Reduces Pain: The ability to relieve pain is probably the most noticeable effect of CBD. Pain from physical to mental, from osteoarthritis to sclerosis can be reduced quickly with CBD.
- Viable Drug Addiction Treatment: Drug addicts with mental activity depend on drugs such as heroin and morphine by the disease affecting the cerebral vessels. According to many studies, CBD has positive effects on brain vessels responsible for stimulating addiction. Therefore, drug addicts are no longer dependent on such drugs.
- Prevent Diabetes: Cystitis destroys cells in the pancreas. This is a major cause of diabetes. CBD is thought to help prevent cystitis. In addition, for people with diabetes, CBD helps reduce the side effects of diseases such as neuritis or memory impairment.
- Reduces Blood Pressure: Cardiovascular disease and stroke are all caused by high blood pressure. One of the therapeutic effects of CBD is the treatment of high blood pressure. Because if you drink a certain amount of CBD oil daily, your blood pressure will be lower. Therefore, stroke, as well as cardiovascular disease is significantly reduced.
- Fights Insomnia: If you often have trouble sleeping, CBD will help you fight insomnia. This is also related to the positive effects of CBD by helping to reduce anxiety and stress.
- Eliminates and Prevents Acne: The sebum that appears too much on the skin makes you feel uncomfortable. When using CBD, its anti-inflammatory properties will help you fight this condition. Therefore, your visible acne will quickly clear up.
- Reduces Alzheimer’s Disease Symptoms: In fact, CBD helps prevent neurological diseases by reducing the activity of free radicals that destroy nerve cells. Therefore, using CBD every day helps to reduce the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.
- Antipsychotic Effects: Some psychiatric disorders are treated by CBD. Many people with these disorders have shown that using CBD makes them more comfortable fighting mental disorders.
- Fight Cancer: CBD is proven to have anti-tumor effects because of its anti-inflammatory properties. To prevent or treat tumors in the body, you should use a certain amount of CBD with expert advice.
Is Cannabidiol legal? The legal status of CBD is currently changing. Overall in the United States, CBD is easily found in most areas.
In more than 50 states, CBD is legislated to varying degrees. The federal government still considers CBD the same kind as marijuana.
In 2015, FDA made regulations to research and test the effects of CBD. It’s said that the legal status of CBD depends in part on whether CBD comes from hemp or marijuana.
The federal government is confusing with CBD. In the future, the legal status of CBD will change because CBD production from hemp is becoming legal.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. Is CBD addictive?
CBD can be manufactured from hemp or marijuana. In general, CBD products from hemp cannot be addictive to users. In fact, CBD is proven to be a useful tool for treating harmful substances.
2. Does CBD cause side effects?
In general, CBD does not have many side effects, but some cases show the following conditions:
- Dry mouth
- Mild intoxication
3. What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?
The fundamental similarity between hemp and marijuana is that both contain THC. The difference between us is THC component as well as their effects.
Hemp is mainly used in the CBD manufacturing industry. It is known to have less than 0.3% THC.
Marijuana plants have a high THC component. Its effects are not much noted except for entertainment. The use of marijuana for CBD production is heavily restricted by the federal government.
4. What is the best way to take CBD?
There are many ways to use CBD, for example, oral edibles/capsules, sublingual tinctures/spray, inhalation by vaporization or smoking, and topical lotions/balms.
It is said that sublingual tinctures are the best ways to use CBD. Because with these two methods, you can know the exact amount as well as check the ingredients easily.
5. What is the right dosage of CBD?
5mg up to 150mg CBD per day is considered fluctuating dosage to bring effect. At the beginning of use, you need to note taking a small dose instead of a large dose.
Don’t forget to use the same data for several days. You need to observe your body’s reaction to identify and regulate the CBD component when used.
6 How to choose a CBD product?
- Make sure the products you buy are tested by reputable 3rd parties.
- Verify that they do not have pesticides and other contaminants.
- Be careful with CBD vape pen oil containing propylene glycol – a carcinogen.
7. Will CBD interact with other medications?
With the allowable dosage per day, from 5mg to 150mg, CBD is not able to interact with other drugs. However, if you are taking medications to maintain a certain blood level such as anti-epileptic drugs, blood thinners …. you need to contact your doctor before using CBD.